It is the country’s diversity—geographical, linguistic, historical, social and cultural—that best embodies Morocco. Its plural identity has been shaped by a variety of influences.

Over time, Morocco has been able to make the richness of its civilizational, cultural and religious heritage and the combination of modernity and tradition the ingredients of highly successful change and the basis for harmonious progress and development.

Morocco at a glance

A truly unique place

At the crossroads of three worlds, Africa, Europe and the Mediterranean

As a country part of both the Greater Maghreb and the Arab world, located in North-West Africa, the Moroccan territory is bounded to the north by the
Strait of Gibraltar and the Mediterranean Sea, to the south by Mauritania, to the east by Algeria and to the west by the Atlantic Ocean.

Its geographical location, at the crossroads of three worlds between which it has always served as a link between Africa, the Mediterranean and Europe makes this land a true melting pot of civilizations.

Morocco covers a total area of 710,850 sq. m while its coastline stretches over 3,500 km.

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Morocco’s most famous cities

The Moroccan people

A Plural Cultural Identity.

On the border between Africa and Europe, Morocco has been rocked throughout its two thousand years of history by diverse influences. Berbers are the original inhabitants of Morocco, and throughout history they mixed with Jews and nomadic tribes from the south of the Kingdom.

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Spoken languages

Richness in Plurilingualism

Morocco has two official languages, Amazigh and Arabic; the Moroccan Constitution officially recognizes Amazigh as an official language of the Kingdom, on the same footing as Arabic.

The new Constitution of 2011 also calls for the promotion of all Moroccan linguistic and cultural expressions, including Hassani, to clearly mark Morocco’s attachment to its Saharan roots.

As for Darija, it is the most widely spoken and understood language by all Moroccans; it is a form of dialectal Arabic with words borrowed from Berber, French and Spanish.

Today, in addition to Arabic, Amazigh and Darija, a large majority of Moroccans also speak French or Spanish and younger people are fluent in English.

From the origins to present day

Morocco, a nation steeped in history

Recent archeological discoveries trace its roots back to time immemorial.
Its several thousand-year-old civilization is the result of the passage of many conquerors: Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Mauritanians, Romans, Vandals, Byzantines, Visigoths.
The Arab conquest introduced Islam and marked the history of Morocco.

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A stable country

A constitutional monarchy and a citizen and participatory democracy.

His Majesty King Mohammed VI is the twenty-third monarch of the Alaouite dynasty.

“The King, Head of State, his Supreme Representative, Symbol of the unity of the Nation, Guarantor of the permanence and continuity of the State and Supreme Arbitrator between its institutions, shall ensure respect for the Constitution, the proper functioning of constitutional institutions, the protection of the democratic choice and the rights and freedoms of citizens and communities, and respect for the Kingdom’s international commitments.”

Article 42, Constitution of 2011

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Arts & crafts in Morocco

Traditional or contemporary, the richness of Moroccan art

Music, pottery, carpets, leather, jewelry, embroidery, gastronomy… Moroccan art is the result of the civilizational mixing that make up the history of the Kingdom. By being able to maintain its authenticity, Moroccan craftsmanship has been able to renew itself and adapt through time.

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